PAT (Advanced Level) Practice 1006 Sign In and Sign Out

At the beginning of every day, the first person who signs in the computer room will unlock the door, and the last one who signs out will lock the door. Given the records of signing in’s and out’s, you are supposed to find the ones who have unlocked and locked the door on that day.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. Each case contains the records for one day. The case starts with a positive integer M, which is the total number of records, followed by M lines, each in the format:

ID_number Sign_in_time Sign_out_time

where times are given in the format HH:MM:SS, and ID_number is a string with no more than 15 characters.

Output Specification:

For each test case, output in one line the ID numbers of the persons who have unlocked and locked the door on that day. The two ID numbers must be separated by one space.

Note: It is guaranteed that the records are consistent. That is, the sign in time must be earlier than the sign out time for each person, and there are no two persons sign in or out at the same moment.

Sample Input:

CS301111 15:30:28 17:00:10
SC3021234 08:00:00 11:25:25
CS301133 21:45:00 21:58:40

Sample Output:

SC3021234 CS301133


有 M 个人,第一个进入机房的人开门,最后一个离开机房的人关门。已知 M 个人的ID、进入机房的时间、离开机房的时间。要找出开门人的编号和关门人的编号。


题目中没有给出具体的 M 的范围,所以使用vector进行存储,当然也可以开一个较大的数组。


#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
struct node
    string id, in, out;
} p;
vector<node> v;
bool cmp1(const node &s1, const node &s2)
    return <;
bool cmp2(const node &s1, const node &s2)
    return s1.out > s2.out;
int main()
    int m, i;
    cin >> m;
    while (m--)
        cin >> >> >> p.out;
    sort(v.begin(), v.end(), cmp1);
    cout << v[0].id << " ";
    sort(v.begin(), v.end(), cmp2);
    cout << v[0].id << endl;
    return 0;


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